SIERRA LEONE GENERAL INFORMATION.                               

Sierra Leone is a country found in the West coast of Africa. She gained her independence from Britain on the 27thApril 1961. Sierra Leone is covered by 71,740 km2 which is 27,699 square mile with a total population according to 2012 estimate by statistic Sierra Leone to be 5,485,998 with a density of 205.6 square mile. The Gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated in 2012 totaling $5,093 billion with per capital income of $849. The currency that is in use is the Leones (Le)

Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea to the Northeast and Liberia to the Southwest. Sierra Leone has riches in mining, especially diamonds for its economic base. The country is among the major producer of Gold and the world’s largest deposits of Rutile which is yet to be exploited into fully capacity.

Sierra Leone is a predominantly Muslim with an influential Christian minority and it is ranked as one of the most religious tolerant nations in the world. The population of Sierra Leone comprises about sixteen ethnic groups each with its own language and costume. The most influential tribes are the Temne and the Mende.

However, English (Official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-base which is the primary communication among Sierra Leone different ethnic groups which constitute to about 95% country population.


SIERRA LEONE CIVIL WAR ( 23 March, 1991 to 16 January, 2002)
Sierra Leone war triggered a lot of issues like the breakdown of the production capacity in almost every sector, intertwined with immense destruction of properties, disregards and disrespects for human rights, its dignity and loss of human lives. Culminating with the privatizations of violence in the mad rush to fill the vacuum left by a diminished state security, massive displacements of the population and additional poverty. Sierra Leone has seen some of the worse violations of human rights, under the most humiliating laws law in the world during our terrible ten-year war.

One of the most distressing trends in the armed conflict in Sierra Leone is the forceful participation of children and youths as child soldiers trained partially forced into the battlefield, of terror. Whether the fighters were using them as sex slaves or gatekeepers, children have become the first and earliest victims in the unwinnable conflict, since the first rounds of bullets were fired at Bomaru and Sienga in the Kailahun, where five children were killed among the First 14 victims.

These situations are of human origin and have created an unclear future and hindering the hope of children and youth in the country.

At the end of the war in January 18th 2002 there was a demobilization of all the fighting forces and ex-combatants after they were disarmed. National and international agencies facilitated a peaceful return of civilians to their different homes, rules and most people/ with the growing tide of freedom to participate in all socio-economic, political, intellectual, cultural and traditional events in their communities without hindrance, yet it’s still difficult for children’s and youth. Since then to this moment, Considering and therefore the heavier scale of atrocities committed during the war, this was quite challenging and demanded a high degree of sensitivity from both within and outside our geographical demarcation to help alleviate and advance the situations of the post War weary children.